As there are different steps involved in setting up a new company – from registering the directors and shareholders to adopting articles of association – it is possible to make errors. This is especially true for those who have not set up a company before and attempt to do it themselves – without the assistance of a company formation agent.
Fortunately, most of the mistakes made on incorporation can be fairly easily rectified, but it’s important to understand the process in each case. Below, we will take a look at some of the most common errors made when forming a company and how to fix them.
Company name incorrect / wrong spelling
The name of a company may have been incorrectly registered, possibly due to a typo. Or a name may have been chosen which is too similar to the company name of a competitor (this may have only been realised later or pointed out by the competitor). In either case, it may be necessary to change the name which was initially registered with Companies House. This can be done in one of two ways:
- Special resolution – a vote may be required to be passed by shareholders holding the majority of voting shares
- Articles of association – if permission to change the company name is explicitly given in the company’s articles, then the directors will be able to change the name without passing a special resolution
The change of name must then be registered with Companies House. If the name has been changed by special resolution the online service can be used – or form NM01 can be used to register by post. Alternatively, if the name has been changed via the articles of association, form NM04 must be filed by post.
Quality Company Formations provides a professional Company Name Change Service at a cost of only £49.99 plus VAT. This includes preparation and filing of form NM01 at Companies House and related documentation.
Company address incorrect
If the wrong company address was used during incorporation – or if the address has since changed – the easiest way to update this is via the Companies House online service. Alternatively, form AD01 can be filled in and posted to Companies House. Any change to a company’s registered office address must be communicated to Companies House within 14 days of the change.
Note: If the company’s registered office address is the home address of a director or shareholder, they should be aware this will be available to the public.
Shareholder name incorrect / wrong spelling
The name of a shareholder may have been incorrectly entered on the register of members due to a typo. Alternatively, a member may have officially changed their name. To update shareholder information at Companies House, a confirmation statement requires to be filed.
Quality Company Formations provide a Confirmation Statement Service, where a member of our Company Secretarial Team will file it on your behalf at a cost of £34.99 plus VAT. This service is also available to existing Quality Company Formations customers via the Company Overview page or Shop area within their online account on our website.
A third scenario is where shares have been mistakenly issued to the wrong shareholder due to a mix-up of names. In this case, it may be possible to transfer the shares back to the correct shareholder if both shareholders agree.
In any of these scenarios, where there has been a change of name, a replacement share certificate should be issued to the relevant shareholder/s.
Quality Company Formations provides a Share Transfer Service at a cost of £49.99 plus VAT, for those who wish to transfer shares from one shareholder to another, which includes all compliance paperwork.
Wrong number of shares issued
Sometimes too many – or too few – shares will have been issued, possibly as a result of a clerical error. If new shareholders are being sought or the company is being restructured, it may be necessary to increase the share capital – and conversely, if a key shareholding director retires, a reduction of the share capital may be required.
Changing the share capital will generally involve a special resolution in either case. A reduction of the share capital will also require a solvency statement from directors (or court order) and a statement of capital (form SH19). A Return of Allotment of Shares (form SH01) will be needed to issue additional shares.
Companies that want to increase their share capital can use the Issue of Shares Service offered by Quality Company Formations, from £59.99 plus VAT.
We can also help companies which need to reduce their number of shares, with our Reduction of Share Capital Service from £165.00 plus VAT. Please contact our Company Secretarial Team by telephone at 020 3984 5389 or by email at email@example.com, for more information.
People with Significant Control (PSC) register is incorrect
Companies and LLPs must maintain a register of People with Significant Control (PSC register). The information contained in the PSC register has to be filed with Companies House every year, as part of the confirmation statement.
If the wrong information has been mistakenly submitted or company changes mean that the PSC register needs to be updated, Companies House must be notified. This can be done using the Companies House online service – or using form PSC04 for changes to details of a PSC (or another relevant PSC form).
Form RP04 should also be submitted; this is used to notify Companies House of a second filing of a document that was properly delivered but contains inaccuracies which are showing on the register (see government guidance for more information). Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) should use form LL RP04 for this purpose.
Wrong company type was formed
Private vs public
It is possible to re-register a private limited company as a public limited company (form RR01) and vice-versa (form RR01). Copies of (i) the special resolution passing the re-registration and (ii) the amended articles should also be provided to Companies House along with the relevant form.
Limited by shares vs guarantee
It is not possible to re-register a company limited by shares as one limited by guarantee, or vice-versa. In this scenario, the best option will be to incorporate a new company and dissolve the old one. All the assets and contracts will need to be transferred from the old company to the new one.
At Quality Company Formations you can choose a package to form a limited by shares or limited by guarantee company on our Compare Packages page. All company formation packages come with a free pre-submission review to avoid mistakes and omissions.
Wrong articles adopted
All limited companies are required to adopt articles of association. Many will opt for the standard default articles known as ‘model articles’ which are prescribed by the Companies Act. However, if they choose their own articles and make a mistake in their formation, a special resolution will be required to make any amendments.
The special resolution requires agreement by 75% of shareholders and can be made either using a written resolution (signed by the shareholders) or at a shareholders meeting. A copy of the special resolution must be sent to Companies House within 15 days, along with the new articles of association.
Director details incorrect
Name or address
If a company director changes their name or address, it is necessary to inform Companies House. The Companies House online service can be used to update details of directors. Alternatively, form CH01 can be submitted via post in conjunction with form RP04 (see above).
Removing home address on the public file
Directors, members and persons with significant control (PSC) can apply to have their home address (or part of it) removed from the public register under section 1088 Companies Act. Form SR01 must be completed and submitted, along with the relevant fee. See this government guidance for more information on restricting the disclosure of information.
Note: If the home address of a director is also the company’s registered office address, it cannot be removed from the public register.
Date of Birth
If a director’s date of birth was stated incorrectly upon incorporation, form RP CH01 must be filled in and sent to Companies House, along with form RO02A (which is used to notify Companies House where information is invalid, ineffective, factually incorrect etc).
If you need assistance in fixing incorrect director details or any mistakes that may have been made on incorporation – please see below.
Companies Act, PROOF and Historical Records
Some of the key sections of the Companies Act 2006 regarding amendment of company records include:
- s1075 – this allows for the informal correction of submitted documents by Companies House. This section only applies to charges and mortgages
- s1094 – this enables administrative removal of certain unnecessary materials from the register
- s1096 – this concerns rectification of the register under court order (e.g. if removal of material is not possible under s1094)
The PROOF (PROtected On-line Filing) scheme allows companies to protect themselves from unauthorised changes to their records. It essentially prevents certain paper forms from being filed; Companies House will reject these once a company has joined PROOF. Forms which are covered by PROOF include CH01 (change of directors details) and AD01 (change of registered office address).
Correcting mistakes made upon incorporation updates the official records held by Companies House, which are available for public inspection. But this only fixes the current records; it does not generally remove erroneous information from the original incorporation documents (these are retained as historical filings).
We can help fix your mistakes
Quality Company Formations can assist in rectifying any of the above issues and ensure that the correct details of your company are on record. If you require help with reporting any changes of company details to Companies House, speak to our Company Secretarial Team today by calling 0203 984 5389 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.